The Native Americans
The Ohio tribes are made up of those nations from the Ohio region that survived the original contact with European settlers, plus those that migrated into the region away from the encroachment of European powers. These Tribes included; the Shawnee, the Delaware the Ottawa Ohio Seneca (Mingo)the Huron or Wyandot
The Huron or Wyandot tribe emerged in the late 17th century from the remnants of two earlier groups, the Wendat or Huron Confederacy and the Tionontate, called the Petun (tobacco people) by the French because of their cultivation of the crop. They were located in the southern part of what is now the Canadian province of Ontario were involved in numerous minor actions.
The Shawnee or are an Algonquian-speaking tribe indigenous to North America. In colonial times they were a semi-migratory Native American nation, at times inhabiting areas spanning present-day Ohio, Virginia, West Virginia, Western Maryland, Alabama, South Carolina, Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana, and Pennsylvania.
The historically Algonquian-speaking Delaware refer to themselves as Lenni Lenape. At contact, in the early 17th century, the tribe lived along the Delaware River.
The Native Americans at War
In 1754, the Virginia government dispatched 22-year-old Lieutenant Colonel George Washington with 150 men to an area near the forks of the Ohio River in modern-day Pennsylvania, where the French were building a fortified post named Fort Duquesne. Washington hoped to prevent the French from completing the fort, and to develop the fort for the British. However, before Washington and his troops reached the Fort, they came into contact with a small contingent of French and Huron Indians in the woods. After a bloody battle, the French and Indians emerged as victors. They allowed Washington to retreat with what was left of his troops. This battle marked the beginning of the French and Indian War.
At the start of the war the Delawares and Shawnees were France's most important allies. At the defeat of Edward Braddock on retreat from Fort Duquesne most of France's Indian allies were Ottawas, Mississaugas, Huron or Wyandots, and Potawatomis fighting for captives and loot. Until they reached a separate peace with England in 1758, these Ohio Indians conducted devastating raids on frontier settlements in Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania.